Trimble Inc.
TRIMBLE NAVIGATION LTD /CA/ (Form: 10-Q, Received: 11/10/2015 06:21:51)
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
___________________________________ 
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED October 2, 2015
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM             TO             
Commission file number: 001-14845
___________________________________ 
TRIMBLE NAVIGATION LIMITED
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
___________________________________ 
California
 
94-2802192
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
incorporation or organization)
 
 
935 Stewart Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94085
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Telephone Number (408) 481-8000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
___________________________________ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   ý     No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   ý     No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
 
Large Accelerated Filer
ý
Accelerated Filer
¨
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated Filer
¨   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller Reporting Company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   ý
As of November 5, 2015, there were 250,481,619 shares of Common Stock (no par value) outstanding.


Table of Contents

TRIMBLE NAVIGATION LIMITED
FORM 10-Q for the Quarter Ended October 2, 2015
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
PART I.
Page
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
 
 
 
ITEM 3.
 
 
 
ITEM 4.
 
 
 
PART II.
 
 
 
 
ITEM 1.
 
 
 
ITEM 1A.
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
 
 
 
ITEM 4.
 
 
 
ITEM 6.
 
 

2

Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
TRIMBLE NAVIGATION LIMITED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)  
 
Third Quarter of
 
Fiscal Year End
As of
2015
 
2014
(In millions)
 
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets :
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
123.6

 
$
148.0

Accounts receivable, net
344.5

 
362.0

Other receivables
15.4

 
29.5

Inventories, net
271.4

 
278.1

Deferred income taxes
51.9

 
45.6

Other current assets
46.2

 
39.4

Total current assets
853.0

 
902.6

Property and equipment, net
162.0

 
157.4

Goodwill
2,083.7

 
2,085.8

Other purchased intangible assets, net
502.1

 
594.5

Other non-current assets
119.1

 
118.6

Total assets
$
3,719.9

 
$
3,858.9

LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
$
150.3

 
$
64.4

Accounts payable
97.2

 
103.8

Accrued compensation and benefits
82.7

 
98.9

Deferred revenue
243.0

 
211.6

Accrued warranty expense
19.1

 
20.6

Other current liabilities
95.2

 
89.0

Total current liabilities
687.5

 
588.3

Non-current portion of long-term debt
609.1

 
674.0

Non-current deferred revenue
32.0

 
26.3

Deferred income taxes
93.8

 
121.1

Other non-current liabilities
94.3

 
95.8

Total liabilities
1,516.7

 
1,505.5

Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)

 

EQUITY
 
 
 
Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, no par value; 3.0 shares authorized; none outstanding

 

Common stock, no par value; 360.0 shares authorized; 250.0 and 259.2 shares issued and outstanding as of the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and fiscal year end 2014, respectively
1,216.0

 
1,207.3

Retained earnings
1,133.2

 
1,211.0

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(147.0
)
 
(76.7
)
Total Trimble Navigation Ltd. shareholders’ equity
2,202.2

 
2,341.6

Noncontrolling interests
1.0

 
11.8

Total equity
2,203.2

 
2,353.4

Total liabilities and equity
$
3,719.9

 
$
3,858.9

See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

3

Table of Contents

TRIMBLE NAVIGATION LIMITED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(UNAUDITED)
 
   
Third Quarter of
 
First Three Quarters of
(In millions, except per share amounts)

2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
$
373.0

 
$
415.6

 
$
1,168.2

 
$
1,327.1

Service
103.9

 
98.3

 
310.5

 
291.7

Subscription
85.4

 
70.9

 
252.0

 
212.9

Total revenue
562.3

 
584.8

 
1,730.7

 
1,831.7

Cost of sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
175.5

 
189.3

 
554.0

 
605.4

Service
39.4

 
36.8

 
123.0

 
108.6

Subscription
26.1

 
21.8

 
75.8

 
58.4

Amortization of purchased intangible assets
23.3

 
20.1

 
68.8

 
61.0

Total cost of sales
264.3

 
268.0

 
821.6

 
833.4

Gross margin
298.0

 
316.8

 
909.1

 
998.3

Operating expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
79.6

 
79.0

 
251.3

 
237.2

Sales and marketing
89.1

 
95.8

 
281.8

 
288.8

General and administrative
63.2

 
111.4

 
192.1

 
230.2

Restructuring charges
2.7

 
0.2

 
9.0

 
1.3

Amortization of purchased intangible assets
17.4

 
19.3

 
53.4

 
56.8

Total operating expense
252.0

 
305.7

 
787.6

 
814.3

Operating income
46.0

 
11.1

 
121.5

 
184.0

Non-operating income (expense), net:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
(6.4
)
 
(3.0
)
 
(19.1
)
 
(9.8
)
Foreign currency transaction gain (loss)
0.1

 
(3.2
)
 
1.2

 
(3.8
)
Income from equity method investments
4.7

 
2.8

 
14.1

 
11.5

Other income (expense), net
(0.9
)
 
(0.6
)
 
5.8

 
12.5

Total non-operating income (expense), net
(2.5
)
 
(4.0
)
 
2.0

 
10.4

Income before taxes
43.5

 
7.1

 
123.5

 
194.4

Income tax provision (benefit)
6.5

 
(4.7
)
 
26.7

 
36.4

Net income
37.0

 
11.8

 
96.8

 
158.0

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(0.1
)
 

 
(0.3
)
 
(0.3
)
Net income attributable to Trimble Navigation Ltd.
$
37.1

 
$
11.8

 
$
97.1

 
$
158.3

Basic income per share
$
0.15

 
$
0.05

 
$
0.38

 
$
0.61

Shares used in calculating basic income per share
254.8

 
260.3

 
257.5

 
260.4

Diluted income per share
$
0.14

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.37

 
$
0.60

Shares used in calculating diluted income per share
257.2

 
264.4

 
260.3

 
265.1

See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

4

Table of Contents

TRIMBLE NAVIGATION LIMITED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Third Quarter of
 
First Three Quarters of
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
(In millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
37.0

 
$
11.8

 
$
96.8

 
$
158.0

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax

(15.3
)
 
(63.9
)
 
(70.5
)
 
(64.6
)
Net unrealized actuarial gain, net of tax

 
0.1

 
0.2

 
0.1

Comprehensive income (loss)
21.7

 
(52.0
)
 
26.5

 
93.5

Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
(0.1
)
 

 
(0.3
)
 
(0.3
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Trimble Navigation Ltd.
$
21.8

 
$
(52.0
)
 
$
26.8

 
$
93.8

See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5

Table of Contents

TRIMBLE NAVIGATION LIMITED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
 
First Three Quarters of
(In millions)
2015
 
2014
Cash flow from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
96.8

 
$
158.0

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation expense
27.0

 
24.1

Amortization expense
122.2

 
117.8

Provision for doubtful accounts
1.7

 
2.9

Deferred income taxes
(0.5
)
 
(1.2
)
Stock-based compensation
37.3

 
32.1

Income from equity method investments
(14.1
)
 
(11.5
)
Gain on an equity sale

 
(15.1
)
Acquisition / divestiture gain (loss)
(5.8
)
 
6.0

Excess tax benefit for stock-based compensation
(1.4
)
 
(14.1
)
Provision for excess and obsolete inventories
5.1

 
3.5

Other non-cash items
9.0

 
(0.6
)
Add decrease (increase) in assets:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
12.3

 
(12.7
)
Other receivables
6.5

 
(4.7
)
Inventories
(6.4
)
 
(27.2
)
Other current and non-current assets
(9.5
)
 
(12.9
)
Add increase (decrease) in liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
(6.9
)
 
(6.8
)
Accrued compensation and benefits
(15.4
)
 
(9.3
)
Deferred revenue
38.6

 
41.9

Accrued warranty expense
(1.4
)
 
2.7

Other liabilities
(18.7
)
 
37.6

Net cash provided by operating activities
276.4

 
310.5

Cash flow from investing activities:
 
 
 
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired
(101.7
)
 
(170.9
)
Acquisitions of property and equipment
(35.7
)
 
(35.0
)
Purchases of equity investments
(3.6
)
 
(10.9
)
       Acquisitions of intangible assets
(0.1
)
 
(7.0
)
Net proceeds from sale of business
12.1

 

Dividends received from equity investments
15.3

 
25.9

Other
0.3

 
(4.5
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(113.4
)
 
(202.4
)
Cash flow from financing activities:
 
 
 
Issuances of common stock, net of tax withholding
29.1

 
53.6

Payments related to repurchases of common stock
(234.4
)
 
(65.0
)
Excess tax benefit for stock-based compensation
1.4

 
14.1

Proceeds from debt and revolving credit lines
458.0

 
42.0

Payments on debt and revolving credit lines
(431.1
)
 
(153.3
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(177.0
)
 
(108.6
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(10.4
)
 
(7.2
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(24.4
)
 
(7.7
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
148.0

 
147.2

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
123.6

 
$
139.5


See accompanying Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

6

Table of Contents

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – UNAUDITED
NOTE 1. OVERVIEW AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Trimble Navigation Limited (Trimble or the Company) began operations in 1978 and incorporated in California in 1981. The Company provides technology solutions that enable professionals and field mobile workers to improve or transform their work processes. Solutions are used across a range of industries including agriculture, architecture, civil engineering, survey and land administration, construction, geospatial, environmental management, government, natural resources, transportation and utilities. Representative Trimble customers include engineering and construction firms, contractors, surveying companies, farmers and agricultural companies, enterprise firms with large-scale fleets, energy, mining and utility companies, and state, federal and municipal governments.
Trimble focuses on integrating broad technological and application capabilities to create system-level solutions that transform how work is done within the industries the Company serves. Products are sold based on return on investment and provide benefits such as lower operational costs, higher productivity, improved quality, enhanced safety and regulatory compliance, and reduced environmental impact. Representative products include equipment that automates large industrial equipment such as tractors and bulldozers; integrated systems that track fleets of vehicles and workers and provide real-time information and powerful analytics to the back-office; data collection systems that enable the management of large amounts of geo-referenced information; software solutions that connect all aspects of a construction site or a farm; and building information modeling (BIM) software that is used throughout the design, build, and operation of buildings.
The Company has a 52-53 week fiscal year, ending on the Friday nearest to December 31, which for fiscal 2014 was January 2, 2015 . The third quarter of fiscal 2015 and 2014 ended on October 2, 2015 and October 3, 2014 , respectively. Both fiscal 2015 and 2014 are 52-week years. Unless otherwise stated, all dates refer to the Company’s fiscal year and fiscal periods.
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the results of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries. Inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated. Noncontrolling interests represent the noncontrolling shareholders’ proportionate share of the net assets and results of operations of the Company’s consolidated subsidiaries.
The accompanying financial data for and as of the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and for the third quarter and the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 and 2014 has been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements, prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of fiscal year end 2014 is derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Trimble Navigation Limited for fiscal year 2014 . The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company’s 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. Estimates are used for allowances for doubtful accounts, sales returns reserve, allowances for inventory valuation, warranty costs, investments, goodwill impairment, intangibles impairment, purchased intangibles, stock-based compensation, and income taxes among others. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions believed to be reasonable. Although these estimates are based on management’s best knowledge of current events and actions that may impact the company in the future, actual results may be different from the estimates.
In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary have been made to present a fair statement of results for the interim periods presented. The results of operations for the third quarter and the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or any future periods. Individual segment revenue may be affected by seasonal buying patterns and general economic conditions.
The Company has presented revenue and cost of sales separately for products, service and subscriptions. Product revenue includes primarily hardware, software licenses, parts and accessories; service revenue includes primarily hardware and software maintenance and support, training and professional services; subscription revenue includes software as a service (SaaS).
Historically, the Company allocated stock-based compensation to each segment. Beginning with the first quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company changed its methodology for allocating stock-based compensation to its segments. Stock-based compensation is shown in the aggregate within unallocated corporate expense and is not reflected in the segment results, which is consistent with the way the Chief Operating Decision Maker (CODM) evaluates each of the segment's performance and allocates resources. The Company has adjusted the presentation of previously reported segment information to conform to the current year methodology within Note 7.


7


In the third quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company identified an error in its previously reported financial statements with regard to a portion of its goodwill balance arising from deferred tax liabilities in foreign jurisdictions that had not been properly translated to U.S. dollars. As a result, both goodwill and the cumulative translation adjustment included in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets were overstated and the resulting foreign currency translation adjustment component of Other comprehensive income (loss) was incorrect. There was no impact on Net Income or Cash Flows.

The Company evaluated the impact of the error, both quantitatively and qualitatively, and concluded that the differences were not material individually or in the aggregate to any of the prior reporting periods. The impact has no effect on Net Income or Cash Flows, but in light of the significance of the cumulative amount of the error on comprehensive income on the third quarter and the projected full year 2015, the Company has revised previously issued financial information for periods contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to correct for the foreign currency translation figures. Periods not presented herein will be revised, as applicable, when they are included in future filings. See Note 14 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.
NOTE 2. UPDATES TO SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
There have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting polices during the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 from those disclosed in the Company’s most recent Form 10-K.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In April 2014, the FASB issued amendments to guidance for reporting discontinued operations and disposals of components of an entity. The amended guidance requires that a disposal representing a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s financial results or a business activity classified as held for sale should be reported as discontinued operations. The amendments also expand the disclosure requirements for discontinued operations and add new disclosures for individually significant dispositions that do not qualify as discontinued operations. The Company adopted the amendments beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2015. The adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued a comprehensive new revenue recognition standard that replaces the current revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The new standard requires companies to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The revised effective date for the Company under the new standard will be the beginning of fiscal 2018, with early adoption permitted as of the original effective date.  Entities have the option of using either a full retrospective or modified retrospective approach for the adoption of the standard.  The Company is currently evaluating the effect of the updated standard on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In February 2015, the FASB issued amendments to the consolidation guidance. The amendments under the new guidance modify the evaluation of whether limited partnerships and similar legal entities are variable interest entities (VIEs) or voting interest entities and eliminate the presumption that a general partner should consolidate a limited partnership. The standard is effective for the Company in fiscal 2016, although early adoption is permitted. The Company does not anticipate a material impact on its consolidated financial statements as a result of the amendments.
In April 2015, the FASB issued amendments to the guidance for debt issuance costs that will require debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability instead of being recorded as an asset. Amortization of the costs will continue to be reported as interest expense. The amendments are effective for the Company beginning in fiscal 2016. However, early adoption is permitted and the Company plans to adopt this standard in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015. The new guidance will be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented. The Company does not anticipate a material impact on its consolidated financial statements as a result of this change.
In July 2015, the FASB issued amendments to simplify the measurement of inventory. Under the amendments, inventory will be measured at the “lower of cost and net realizable value” and options that currently exist for “market value” will be eliminated. The guidance defines net realizable value as the “estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation”. No other changes were made to the current guidance on inventory measurement. The amendments are effective for the Company beginning in fiscal 2017, although early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of the updated standard on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In September 2015, the FASB issued new guidance related to business combinations. The new guidance requires that any adjustments to provisional amounts in a business combination be recorded in the period such adjustments are determined, rather than retrospectively adjusting previously reported amounts. The standard is effective for the Company in fiscal 2016, although early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of this guidance on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

8


NOTE 3. GAIN ON EQUITY SALE
In October, 2008, VirtualSite Solutions (VSS), a business formed by the Company and Caterpillar, began operations. Originally, the Company had a 65% ownership and Caterpillar had a 35% ownership in VSS. VSS develops software for fleet management and connected worksite solutions for both Caterpillar and Trimble and in turn, sells software subscription services to Caterpillar and Trimble, which are sold through Caterpillar's and the Company's respective distribution channels. For financial reporting purposes, VSS’s assets and liabilities were consolidated with those of the Company, as were its results of operations, which were reported under the Engineering and Construction segment. Caterpillar’s 35% interest was included in the overall Consolidated Financial Statements as Noncontrolling interest.
Effective January 4, 2014, the Company sold 15% of its ownership in VSS to Caterpillar resulting in both the Company and Caterpillar owning 50% of the VSS joint venture. After the sale the Company no longer held a controlling interest in VSS. The sale of the 15% ownership resulted in the deconsolidation of VSS and a gain in the amount of $15.1 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2014. Of this amount, $8.5 million relates to the remeasurement of the Company's retained interest to fair value which was measured using a combination of the income and market approaches. The total gain is included in Other income (expense), net on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. The Company's 50% investment in VSS is classified as an equity method investment.
NOTE 4. SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Stock Repurchase Activities
In August 2014, the Company's Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program (2014 Stock Repurchase Program), authorizing the Company to repurchase up to  $300.0 million  of Trimble’s common stock, replacing a stock repurchase program which had been in place since 2011. In August 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program (2015 Stock Repurchase Program), authorizing the Company to repurchase up to $400.0 million of Trimble’s common stock, replacing the 2014 Stock Repurchase Program.
During the first three quarters of fiscal 2015, the Company repurchased approximately 7.5 million shares of common stock in open market purchases, at an average price of $21.29 per share, for a total of $159.4 million . This total includes $75.1 million and $84.3 million of open market purchases completed under the 2015 and 2014 Stock Repurchase Programs, respectively.
In addition, in September 2015, the Company entered into an accelerated share repurchase agreement, or ASR, with an investment bank, under which the Company made an upfront payment of $75 million to purchase shares of its common stock and received an initial delivery of 3.7 million shares. The final number of shares to be repurchased will be based on the volume-weighted average share price of Trimble’s common stock during the term of the ASR, minus a discount. The final settlement of the transactions under the ASR agreement will take place in the fourth quarter of 2015.
The Company accounted for the ASR program as two separate transactions: (i) the initial 3.7 million shares received valued at $68.2 million represents a stock repurchase transaction and (ii) the remaining $6.8 million represents a forward contract indexed to the Company's common stock. The initial delivery of 3.7 million shares resulted in an immediate reduction, on the delivery date, of the outstanding shares used to calculate the weighted-average common shares outstanding for basic and diluted net income per share.
During the first three quarters of fiscal 2014, under the provisions of both the 2014 and 2011 Stock Repurchase Programs, the Company repurchased approximately 2.1 million shares of common stock in open market purchases at an average price of $31.20 per share, for a total of $65.0 million .
Stock repurchases are reflected as a decrease to common stock based on the average book value per share for all outstanding shares calculated at the time of each individual repurchase transaction. The excess of the purchase price over this average for each repurchase was charged to retained earnings. As a result of the 2015 repurchases, retained earnings was reduced by $173.7 million in the first three quarters of fiscal 2015. Common stock repurchases under the program were recorded based upon the trade date for accounting purposes. All common shares repurchased under this program have been canceled.
At the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015, the 2015 Stock Repurchase Program had remaining authorized funds of $249.9 million . Under the share repurchase program, the Company may repurchase shares from time to time in open market transactions, privately negotiated transactions, accelerated share buyback programs, tender offers, or by other means. The timing and amount of repurchase transactions will be determined by the Company’s management based on its evaluation of market conditions, share price, legal requirements and other factors. The program may be suspended, modified or discontinued at any time without prior notice.

9


Stock-Based Compensation Expense
The Company accounts for its employee stock options, restricted stock units and employee stock purchase plan (ESPP) under the fair value method, which requires stock-based compensation to be estimated using the fair value on the date of grant. The value of the portion of the award that is expected to vest is recognized as expense over the related employees’ requisite service periods in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
The following table summarizes stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock-based compensation (for all plans) included in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the third quarter and the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 and 2014 .
 
Third Quarter of
 
First Three Quarters of
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales
$
1.0

 
$
0.8

 
$
2.9

 
$
2.3

Research and development
2.1

 
1.6

 
6.4

 
4.8

Sales and marketing
2.2

 
2.0

 
6.7

 
6.0

General and administrative
7.5

 
6.6

 
21.3

 
19.0

Total operating expenses
11.8

 
10.2

 
34.4

 
29.8

Total stock-based compensation expense
$
12.8

 
$
11.0

 
$
37.3

 
$
32.1

Fair Value of Trimble Options
Stock option expense recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income is based on the fair value of the portion of share-based payment awards that is expected to vest during the period and is net of estimated forfeitures.
The compensation expense related to these awards is valued as of the grant date using a binomial valuation model and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period, typically four to five years. The binomial model takes into account variables such as volatility, dividend yield rate and risk free interest rate. In addition, the binomial model incorporates actual option-pricing behavior and changes in volatility over the option’s contractual term. For options granted during the third quarter and the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 and 2014 , the following weighted average assumptions were used:
 
 
Third Quarter of
 
First Three Quarters of
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Expected dividend yield
 
 
 
Expected stock price volatility
35.4%
 
35.4%
 
35.4%
 
35.4%
Risk free interest rate
1.2%
 
0.9%
 
1.4%
 
1.2%
Expected life of options
3.8 years
 
3.9 years
 
4.3 years
 
4.0 years
Expected Dividend Yield – The dividend yield assumption is based on the Company’s history and expectation of dividend payouts.
Expected Stock Price Volatility – The Company’s computation of expected volatility is based on a combination of implied volatilities from traded options on the Company’s stock and historical volatility, commensurate with the expected life of the stock options.
Expected Risk Free Interest Rate – The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for the expected life of the stock options.
Expected Life Of Options – The Company’s expected life represents the period that the Company’s stock options are expected to be outstanding and is determined based on historical experience of similar stock options with consideration to the contractual terms of the stock options, vesting schedules and expectations of future employee behavior.
Fair Value of Restricted Stock Units
Restricted stock units are converted into shares of Trimble common stock upon vesting, on a one-for-one basis, and typically vest at the end of three years. The compensation expense related to these awards is valued as of the grant date using the fair value of Trimble’s common stock and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.
Fair Value of Employee Stock Purchase Plan

10


Rights to purchase shares are generally granted during the first and third quarter of each year. The compensation expense related to these rights granted under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan is valued as of the grant date using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.
Fair Value of Market-Based Restricted Stock Units
Market-based restricted stock units are based on the achievement of the Company’s relative total shareholder return (TSR) of its common stock as compared to the TSR of the constituents of the S&P 500 at the start of the performance period. The number of shares that may be issued will range from 0% to 200% of the units granted. The compensation expense related to these awards is valued as of the grant date using a Monte Carlo simulation and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.
NOTE 5. BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
During the first three quarters of fiscal 2015, the Company acquired ten businesses, all with cash consideration, in its Engineering and Construction, Field Solutions and Mobile Solutions segments. The Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income include the operating results of the businesses from the dates of acquisition. The acquisitions were not significant individually or in the aggregate. The purchase prices ranged from less than $2.0 million to $30.0 million . The largest acquisition was a Norwegian company specializing in Building Information Modeling (BIM) software for infrastructure design software solutions across the European region. In the aggregate, the businesses acquired during the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 collectively contributed less than two percent to the Company's total revenue during the first three quarters of fiscal 2015.
The Company determined the total consideration paid for each of its acquisitions as well as the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the date of acquisition. For certain acquisitions completed in the last quarter of fiscal 2014 and the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 , the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed are preliminary and may be adjusted as the Company obtains additional information, primarily related to adjustments for the true up of acquired net working capital in accordance with certain purchase agreements, and estimated values of certain net tangible assets and liabilities including tax balances, pending the completion of final studies and analyses. If there are adjustments made for these items, the fair value of intangible assets and goodwill could be impacted. Thus the provisional measurements of fair value are subject to change. Such changes could be significant. The Company expects to finalize the valuation of the net tangible and intangible assets as soon as practicable, but not later than one-year from the acquisition date.
The fair value of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed were determined under the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations. The excess of purchase consideration over the fair value of net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired was recorded as goodwill. The fair value of intangible assets acquired is generally determined based on a discounted cash flow analysis. Acquisition costs directly related to the acquisitions, including the changes in the fair value of the contingent consideration liabilities, of  $2.7 million and  $9.8 million for the third quarter and the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 , respectively, and $4.1 million and $7.5 million for the corresponding periods of fiscal 2014 , respectively, were expensed as incurred and were included in General and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.
The following table summarizes the Company’s business combinations completed during the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 .
 
First Three Quarters of
 
 
2015
 
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
Fair value of total purchase consideration
$
111.0

 
Less fair value of net assets acquired:
 
 
Net tangible assets acquired
5.4

 
Identifiable intangible assets
52.8

 
Deferred income taxes
(8.9
)
 
Goodwill
$
61.7

 


11


Intangible Assets
Intangible Assets consisted of the following:  
As of
Third Quarter of Fiscal 2015
 
Fiscal Year End 2014
 
Gross
 
 
 
 
 
Gross
 
 
 
 
 
Carrying
 
Accumulated
 
Net Carrying
 
Carrying
 
Accumulated
 
Net Carrying
(Dollars in millions)
Amount
 
Amortization
 
Amount
 
Amount
 
Amortization
 
Amount
Developed product technology
$
786.5

 
$
(512.4
)
 
$
274.1

 
$
770.4

 
$
(445.4
)
 
$
325.0

Trade names and trademarks
52.0

 
(38.4
)
 
13.6

 
51.2

 
(33.9
)
 
17.3

Customer relationships
443.1

 
(248.4
)
 
194.7

 
455.0

 
(226.8
)
 
228.2

Distribution rights and other intellectual properties
78.9

 
(59.2
)
 
19.7

 
78.5

 
(54.5
)
 
24.0

 
$
1,360.5

 
$
(858.4
)
 
$
502.1

 
$
1,355.1

 
$
(760.6
)
 
$
594.5

The estimated future amortization expense of purchased intangible assets as of the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 was as follows:
 
(Dollars in millions)
 
2015 (Remaining)
$
40.5

2016
147.7

2017
124.8

2018
96.1

2019
54.4

Thereafter
38.6

Total
$
502.1

Goodwill
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment for the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 were as follows:
 
 
Engineering
and
Construction
 
Field
Solutions
 
Mobile
Solutions
 
Advanced
Devices
 
Total
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of fiscal year end 2014
$
1,170.6

 
$
96.0

 
$
796.0

 
$
23.2

 
$
2,085.8

Additions due to acquisitions
33.6

 
11.1

 
17.0

 

 
61.7

Purchase price adjustments
(0.6
)
 
1.7

 

 

 
1.1

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(41.4
)
 
(2.4
)
 
(5.0
)
 
(1.8
)
 
(50.6
)
Divestiture
(14.3
)
 

 

 

 
(14.3
)
Balance as of the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015
$
1,147.9

 
$
106.4

 
$
808.0

 
$
21.4

 
$
2,083.7


12


NOTE 6. INVENTORIES
Inventories, net, consisted of the following:  
 
Third Quarter of
 
Fiscal Year End
As of
2015
 
2014
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
Raw materials
$
94.9

 
$
116.8

Work-in-process
6.9

 
4.8

Finished goods
169.6

 
156.5

Total inventories, net
$
271.4

 
$
278.1

Finished goods includes $15.3 million as of the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and $9.4 million as of fiscal year end 2014 for costs that have been deferred in connection with deferred revenue arrangements.
NOTE 7. SEGMENT INFORMATION
To achieve distribution, marketing, production and technology advantages, the Company manages its operations in the following four segments:
Engineering and Construction — Consists of hardware, software and services solutions for a variety of applications including:  survey, heavy civil and building construction; infrastructure, geospatial, railway, mining and utilities.

Field Solutions — Consists of hardware, software and services solutions for applications including agriculture, mapping and geographic information systems (GIS), utilities, and energy distribution.

Mobile Solutions — Consists of hardware, software and services solutions that enable end-users to monitor and manage their mobile work, mobile workers and mobile assets.
Advanced Devices — The various operations that comprise this segment are aggregated on the basis that these operations, taken as a whole, do not exceed 10% of the Company’s total revenue, operating income or assets. This segment is comprised of the Embedded Technologies and Timing, Military and Advanced Systems, Applanix, Trimble Outdoors, and ThingMagic businesses.
The Company’s CODM, its Chief Executive Officer, evaluates each of its segment’s performance and allocates resources based on segment operating income before income taxes and some corporate allocations. The Company and each of its segments employ consistent accounting policies. In each of its segments the Company sells many individual products. For this reason it is impracticable to segregate and identify revenue for each of the individual products or group of products.
The following table presents revenue, operating income, depreciation expense and identifiable assets for the four segments. Operating income is revenue less cost of sales and operating expense, excluding general corporate expense, amortization of purchased intangible assets, stock-based compensation, amortization of acquisition-related inventory step-up, acquisition costs and restructuring costs. The identifiable assets that the CODM views by segment are accounts receivable, inventories and goodwill.

13


 
Reporting Segments
 
Engineering
and
Construction
 
Field
Solutions
 
Mobile
Solutions
 
Advanced
Devices
 
Total
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter of Fiscal 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenue
$
326.4

 
$
73.5

 
$
131.6

 
$
30.8

 
$
562.3

Operating income
68.8

 
19.5

 
23.1

 
10.8

 
122.2

       Depreciation expense
3.5

 
0.3

 
1.4

 
0.1

 
5.3

Third Quarter of Fiscal 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenue
$
342.2

 
$
88.8

 
$
121.2

 
$
32.6

 
$
584.8

Operating income
74.2

 
26.1

 
19.5

 
9.6

 
129.4

       Depreciation expense
3.4

 
0.2

 
1.5

 
0.2

 
5.3

First Three Quarters of Fiscal 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenue
$
964.2

 
$
275.9

 
$
388.1

 
$
102.5

 
$
1,730.7

Operating income
166.3

 
85.0

 
62.5

 
37.1

 
350.9

       Depreciation expense
10.6

 
0.9

 
4.0

 
0.4

 
15.9

First Three Quarters of Fiscal 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenue
$
1,019.6

 
$
341.4

 
$
362.7

 
$
108.0

 
$
1,831.7

Operating income
231.0

 
119.4

 
58.5

 
34.4

 
443.3

       Depreciation expense
9.7

 
0.6

 
4.0

 
0.5

 
14.8

As of the Third Quarter of Fiscal 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
$
210.5

 
$
45.2

 
$
66.8

 
$
22.0

 
$
344.5

Inventories
187.4

 
39.9

 
28.6

 
15.5

 
271.4

Goodwill
1,147.9

 
106.4

 
808.0

 
21.4

 
2,083.7

As of Fiscal Year End 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
$
227.7

 
$
51.6

 
$
62.9

 
$
19.8

 
$
362.0

Inventories
185.2

 
51.0

 
26.1

 
15.8

 
278.1

Goodwill
1,170.6

 
96.0

 
796.0

 
23.2

 
2,085.8

Historically, the Company allocated stock-based compensation to each segment. Beginning with the first quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company changed its methodology for allocating stock-based compensation to its segments. Stock-based compensation is shown in the aggregate within unallocated corporate expense and not reflected in the segment results, which is consistent with the way the CODM evaluates each of the segment's performance and allocates resources. The Company has adjusted the presentation of segment information for the third quarter and first three quarters of fiscal 2014 to conform to the current year methodology. The following table shows the amount of stock-based compensation that had been previously allocated to the business segments in the third quarter and first three quarters of fiscal 2014 and the impact to those segments' Operating income.

14


 
Reporting Segments
 
Engineering
and
Construction
 
Field
Solutions
 
Mobile
Solutions
 
Advanced
Devices
 
Total
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter of Fiscal 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
$
74.2

 
$
26.1

 
$
19.5

 
$
9.6

 
$
129.4

Previously allocated stock-based compensation
(3.6
)
 
(0.9
)
 
(1.3
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(6.3
)
Previously reported operating income
$
70.6

 
$
25.2

 
$
18.2

 
$
9.1

 
$
123.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First Three Quarters of Fiscal 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
$
231.0

 
$
119.4

 
$
58.5

 
$
34.4

 
$
443.3

Previously allocated stock-based compensation
(11.0
)
 
(2.6
)
 
(3.7
)
 
(1.5
)
 
(18.8
)
Previously reported operating income
$
220.0

 
$
116.8

 
$
54.8

 
$
32.9

 
$
424.5

A reconciliation of the Company’s consolidated segment operating income to consolidated income before income taxes is as follows:  
 
Third Quarter of
 
First Three Quarters of
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated segment operating income
$
122.2

 
$
129.4

 
$
350.9

 
$
443.3

Unallocated corporate expense
(32.8
)
 
(74.8
)
 
(97.4
)
 
(134.0
)
Amortization of purchased intangible assets
(40.7
)
 
(39.4
)
 
(122.2
)
 
(117.8
)
Acquisition costs
(2.7
)
 
(4.1
)
 
(9.8
)
 
(7.5
)
Consolidated operating income
46.0

 
11.1

 
121.5

 
184.0

Non-operating income (expense), net:
(2.5
)
 
(4.0
)
 
2.0

 
10.4

Consolidated income before taxes
$
43.5

 
$
7.1

 
$
123.5

 
$
194.4

Unallocated corporate expense includes general corporate expense, amortization of acquisition-related inventory step-up, restructuring charges, stock-based compensation expense and litigation reserves. In the third quarter and first three quarters of fiscal 2014, unallocated corporate expenses included litigation reserves of $52.0 million , of which $51.3 million relates to Recreational Data Services, Inc. (RDS) that was reserved during the third quarter based on a jury verdict in favor of the plaintiff, RDS and then reversed during the fourth quarter after the judge overturned the verdict.
NOTE 8. DEBT, COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Debt consisted of the following:
 
 
Third Quarter of
 
Fiscal Year End
As of
2015
 
2014
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
Notes
$
400.0

 
$
400.0

Unamortized discount on Notes
(2.9
)
 
(3.2
)
Credit Facilities:
 
 
 
       2014 Credit facility
211.0

 
277.0

       Uncommitted facilities
150.0

 
57.0

Promissory notes and other debt
1.3

 
7.6

Total debt
759.4

 
738.4

Less current portion of long-term debt
150.3

 
64.4

Non-current portion
$
609.1

 
$
674.0


15


Notes
On October 30, 2014 , the Company filed a shelf registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for the issuance of senior debt securities. On November 24, 2014 , the Company issued $400.0 million of Senior Notes (“Notes”) under the shelf registration statement. Net proceeds from the offering were $396.9 million after deducting the 0.795% discount on the public offering price. The Company recognized $3.0 million of debt issuance costs associated with the issuance of the Notes, including an underwriting discount of $2.6 million . The discount and debt issuance costs are being amortized to interest expense using the effective interest rate method over the term of the Notes. The Notes mature on December 1, 2024 and accrue interest at a rate of 4.75% per annum, payable semiannually in arrears in cash on December 1 and June 1 of each year, beginning on June 1, 2015. The Notes are classified as long-term in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Prior to September 1, 2024, Trimble may redeem the Notes at its option at any time, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to the greater of (i) 100% of the aggregate principal amount of the Notes to be redeemed and (ii) the sum of the present values of the remaining scheduled payments of interest and principal, calculated on a semiannual basis using a discount rate equal to the U.S. Treasury rate plus 40 basis points. After September 1, 2024, Trimble may redeem the Notes at its option at any time, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the aggregate principal amount of the Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon. In addition, in the event of a change of control, as defined in the prospectus filed with the SEC, each holder of the Notes will have the right to require Trimble to purchase for cash all or a portion of such holder’s Notes at a purchase price equal to 101% of the principal amount of the Notes, plus any accrued and unpaid interest.
In connection with the closing of the Notes offering, Trimble entered into an Indenture with U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee. The Indenture contains covenants limiting Trimble’s ability to create certain liens, enter into sale and lease-back transactions, and consolidate or merge with or into, or convey, transfer or lease all or substantially all of Trimble’s properties and assets to, another person, each subject to certain exceptions. The Notes contain no financial covenants.
Credit Facilities
2014 Credit Facility
On November 24, 2014 , the Company entered into a new five -year credit agreement with a group of lenders (the “2014 Credit Facility”). The 2014 Credit Facility provides for an unsecured revolving loan facility of $1.0 billion and a letter of credit sub-facility of up to $50.0 million . Subject to the terms of the 2014 Credit Facility, the revolving loan facility may be increased and/or term loan facilities may be established in an amount up to $500.0 million . The outstanding balance as of the end of the third fiscal quarter of 2015 of $211.0 million is classified as long-term in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
The 2014 Credit Facility replaced the Company's previous 2012 Credit Facility comprised of a five -year revolving loan facility of $700.0 million and a five -year $700.0 million term loan facility. Upon entering into the 2014 Credit Facility, the Company recognized $1.6 million of debt issuance costs associated with the 2014 Credit Facility. The remaining unamortized debt issuance costs associated with the 2012 Credit Facility and the new debt issuance costs associated with the 2014 Credit Facility are being amortized to interest expense using the effective interest rate method over the term of the 2014 Credit Facility.
The funds available under the 2014 Credit Facility may be used for working capital and general corporate purposes including the financing of certain acquisitions and the payment of transaction fees and expenses related to such acquisitions. Under the 2014 Credit Facility, the Company may borrow, repay and reborrow funds under the revolving loan facility until its maturity on November 24, 2019 , at which time the revolving facility will terminate, and all outstanding loans, together with all accrued and unpaid interest, must be repaid. Amounts not borrowed under the revolving facility will be subject to a commitment fee, to be paid in arrears on the last day of each fiscal quarter, ranging from 0.10% to 0.30% per annum depending on either the Company's credit rating at such time or the Company's leverage ratio as of the most recently ended fiscal quarter, whichever results in more favorable pricing to the Company.
The Company may borrow funds under the 2014 Credit Facility in U.S. Dollars, Euros or in certain other agreed currencies, and borrowings will bear interest, at the Company’s option, at either: (i) a floating per annum base rate determined by reference to the highest of: (a) the administrative agent’s prime rate; (b) 0.50% per annum above the federal funds effective rate; and (c) reserve-adjusted LIBOR for an interest period of one month plus 1.00% , plus a margin of between 0.00% and 0.75% , or (ii) a reserve-adjusted fixed per annum rate based on LIBOR or EURIBOR, depending on the currency borrowed, plus a margin of between 1.00% and 1.75% . The applicable margin in each case is determined based on either Trimble’s credit rating at such time or Trimble’s leverage ratio as of its most recently ended fiscal quarter, whichever results in more favorable pricing to Trimble. Interest is payable on the last day of each fiscal quarter with respect to borrowings bearing interest at the base rate, or on the last day of an interest period, but at least every three months, with respect to borrowings bearing interest at LIBOR or EURIBOR rate.
The 2014 Credit Facility contains various customary representations and warranties by the Company, which include customary use of materiality, material adverse effect and knowledge qualifiers. The 2014 Credit Facility also contains customary affirmative and negative covenants including, among other requirements, negative covenants that restrict the Company's ability to create liens and enter into sale and leaseback transactions, and that restrict its subsidiaries’ ability to incur indebtedness. Further, the 2014

16


Credit Facility contains financial covenants that require the maintenance of minimum interest coverage and maximum leverage ratios. Specifically, the Company must maintain as of the end of each fiscal quarter a ratio of (a) EBITDA (as defined in the 2014 Credit Facility) to (b) interest expense for the most recently ended period of four fiscal quarters of not less than 3.50 to 1.00. The Company must also maintain, at the end of each fiscal quarter, a ratio of (x) total indebtedness (as defined in the 2014 Credit Facility) to (y) EBITDA (as defined in the 2014 Credit Facility) for the most recently ended period of four fiscal quarters of not greater than 3.00 to 1.00; provided, that on the completion of a material acquisition, the Company may increase the ratio by 0.50 for the fiscal quarter during which such acquisition occurred and each of the three subsequent fiscal quarters. The Company was in compliance with these covenants at the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 .
The 2014 Credit Facility contains events of default that include, among others, non-payment of principal, interest or fees, breach of covenants, inaccuracy of representations and warranties, cross defaults to certain other indebtedness, bankruptcy and insolvency events, material judgments, and events constituting a change of control. Upon the occurrence and during the continuance of an event of default, interest on the obligations will accrue at an increased rate and the lenders may accelerate the Company's obligations under the 2014 Credit Facility, except that acceleration will be automatic in the case of bankruptcy and insolvency events of default.
The interest rate on the non-current debt outstanding under the credit facilities was 1.46% and 1.42% at the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and fiscal year end 2014, respectively.
Uncommitted Facilities
The Company also has two $75 million revolving credit facilities which are uncommitted (the "Uncommitted Facilities"). The Uncommitted Facilities may be called by the lenders at any time, have no covenants and no specified expiration date. The interest rate on the Uncommitted Facilities is 1.00% plus either LIBOR or the bank’s cost of funds or as otherwise agreed upon by the bank and the Company. The $150.0 million outstanding at the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and the $57.0 million outstanding at the end of fiscal 2014 under the Uncommitted Facilities are classified as short-term in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The weighted average interest rate on the Uncommitted Facilities was 1.13% at the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and 1.15% at the end of fiscal 2014.
Promissory Notes and Other Debt
At the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and the end of fiscal 2014, the Company had promissory notes and other notes payable totaling approximately $1.3 million and $7.6 million , respectively, of which less than $1.0 million for both periods was classified as long-term in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Debt Maturities
At the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 , the Company's debt maturities based on outstanding principal were as follows (dollars in millions):
Year Payable
 
2015 (Remaining)
$
150.1

2016
0.2

2017
0.3

2018
0.2

2019
211.1

Thereafter
400.4

Total
$
762.3

Leases and Other Commitments
The estimated future minimum operating lease commitments as of the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 are as follows (dollars in millions):
 
2015 (Remaining)
$
9.3

2016
27.0

2017
21.8

2018
16.0

2019
12.4

Thereafter
35.8

Total
$
122.3


17


As of the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 , the Company had unconditional purchase obligations of approximately $132.4 million . These unconditional purchase obligations primarily represent open non-cancelable purchase orders for material purchases with the Company’s vendors. Purchase obligations exclude agreements that are cancelable without penalty.
NOTE 9. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company determines fair value based on the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. Where available, fair value is based on observable market prices or parameters. Where observable prices or inputs are not available, valuation models are applied. Hierarchical levels, defined by the guidance on fair value measurements are directly related to the amount of subjectivity associated with the inputs to fair valuation of these assets and liabilities, and are as follows:
Level I—Observable inputs such as unadjusted, quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities at the measurement date.
Level II—Inputs (other than quoted prices included in Level I) are either directly or indirectly observable for the asset or liability. These include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets and quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.
Level III—Unobservable inputs that reflect management’s best estimate of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. Consideration is given to the risk inherent in the valuation technique and the risk inherent in the inputs to the model.
Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are categorized in the tables below based upon the lowest level of significant input to the valuations.
 
Fair Values as of the end of the Third Quarter of Fiscal 2015
 
Fair Values as of Fiscal Year End 2014
(Dollars in millions)
Level I
 
Level II
 
Level III
 
Total
 
Level I
 
Level II
 
Level III
 
Total
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation plan assets (1)
$
19.9

 
$

 
$

 
$
19.9

 
$
19.2

 
$

 
$

 
$
19.2

Derivative assets (2)

 
1.1

 

 
1.1

 

 
2.9

 

 
2.9

Contingent consideration assets (3)

 

 
7.0

 
7.0

 

 

 
8.3

 
8.3

Total
$
19.9

 
$
1.1

 
$
7.0

 
$
28.0

 
$
19.2

 
$
2.9

 
$
8.3

 
$
30.4

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation plan liabilities (1)
$
19.9

 
$

 
$

 
$
19.9

 
$
19.2

 
$

 
$

 
$
19.2

Derivative liabilities (2)

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

 

 
1.4

 

 
1.4

Contingent consideration liabilities (4)

 

 
1.7

 
1.7

 

 

 
3.7

 
3.7

Total
$
19.9

 
$
0.1

 
$
1.7

 
$
21.7

 
$
19.2

 
$
1.4

 
$
3.7

 
$
24.3

 
(1)
The Company maintains a self-directed, non-qualified deferred compensation plan for certain executives and other highly compensated employees. The plan assets and liabilities are invested in actively traded mutual funds and individual stocks valued using observable quoted prices in active markets. Deferred compensation plan assets and liabilities are included in Other non-current assets and Other non-current liabilities on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2)
Derivative assets and liabilities primarily represent forward currency exchange contracts. The Company typically enters into these contracts to minimize the short-term impact of foreign currency exchange rates on certain trade and inter-company receivables and payables. Derivative assets and liabilities are included in Other current assets and Other current liabilities on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(3)
Contingent consideration assets represents arrangements for buyers to pay the Company for certain businesses that it has divested. The fair value is determined based on the Company's expectations of future receipts. The minimum amount to be received under these arrangements is $3.5 million . Contingent consideration assets are included in Other receivables and Other non-current assets on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

18


(4)
Contingent consideration liabilities represent arrangements to pay the former owners of certain companies that Trimble acquired. The undiscounted maximum payment under the arrangements is $14.6 million at the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 , based on estimated future revenues or other milestones. Contingent consideration liabilities are included in Other current liabilities and Other non-current liabilities on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Additional Fair Value Information
The following table provides additional fair value information relating to the Company’s financial instruments outstanding:
 
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
As of
Third Quarter of Fiscal 2015
 
Fiscal Year End 2014
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
123.6

 
$
123.6

 
$
148.0

 
$
148.0

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notes
$
400.0

 
$
405.0

 
$
400.0

 
$
396.9

Credit facilities
211.0

 
211.0

 
277.0

 
277.0

Uncommitted facilities
150.0

 
150.0

 
57.0

 
57.0

Promissory notes and other debt
1.3

 
1.3

 
7.6

 
7.6

The fair value of cash and cash equivalents is based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities, and is categorized as Level I in the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of the Notes was determined based on observable market prices in less active markets and is categorized accordingly as Level II in the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of the bank borrowings and promissory notes has been calculated using an estimate of the interest rate the Company would have had to pay on the issuance of notes with a similar maturity and discounting the cash flows at that rate, and is categorized as Level II in the fair value hierarchy. The fair values do not give an indication of the amount that the Company would currently have to pay to extinguish any of this debt.
NOTE 10. PRODUCT WARRANTIES
The Company accrues for warranty costs as part of its cost of sales based on associated material product costs, technical support, labor costs, and costs incurred by third parties performing work on the Company’s behalf. The Company’s expected future costs are primarily estimated based upon historical trends in the volume of product returns within the warranty period and the costs to repair or replace the equipment. The products sold are generally covered by a warranty for periods ranging from 90 days to 5.5 years.
While the Company engages in extensive product quality programs and processes, including actively monitoring and evaluating the quality of component suppliers, its warranty obligation is affected by product failure rates, material usage and service delivery costs incurred in correcting a product failure. Should actual product failure rates, material usage, or service delivery costs differ from the estimates, revisions to the estimated warranty accrual and related costs may be required.
Changes in the Company’s product warranty liability during the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 are as follows:  
(Dollars in millions)
 
Balance as of fiscal year end 2014
$
20.6

Acquired warranties
0.1

Accruals for warranties issued
12.8

Changes in estimates
3.3

Warranty settlements (in cash or in kind)
(17.7
)
Balance as of the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015
$
19.1

NOTE 11. INCOME PER SHARE
Basic income per share is computed by dividing Net income attributable to Trimble Navigation Ltd. by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted income per share is computed by dividing Net income attributable to Trimble Navigation Ltd. by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period

19


increased to include the number of additional shares of common stock that would have been outstanding if the potentially dilutive securities had been issued. Potentially dilutive securities include outstanding stock options, shares to be purchased under the Company’s employee stock purchase plan and unvested restricted stock units. The dilutive effect of potentially dilutive securities is reflected in diluted income per share by application of the treasury stock method. Under the treasury stock method, an increase in the fair market value of the Company’s common stock can result in a greater dilutive effect from potentially dilutive securities.
The following table shows the computation of basic and diluted income per share:
 
Third Quarter of
 
First Three Quarters of
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
(In millions, except per share amounts)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to Trimble Navigation Ltd.
$
37.1

 
$
11.8

 
$
97.1

 
$
158.3

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares used in basic income per share
254.8

 
260.3

 
257.5

 
260.4

Effect of dilutive securities
2.4

 
4.1


2.8


4.7

Weighted average number of common shares and dilutive potential common shares used in diluted income per share
257.2

 
264.4

 
260.3

 
265.1

Basic income per share
$
0.15

 
$
0.05

 
$
0.38

 
$
0.61

Diluted income per share
$
0.14

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.37

 
$
0.60

For the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and 2014 , the Company excluded 8.8 million and 1.7 million shares of outstanding stock options, respectively, from the calculation of diluted income per share because their effect would have been antidilutive. For the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 and 2014, the Company excluded 5.8 million and 0.5 million shares of outstanding stock options, respectively, from the calculation of diluted earnings per share.
NOTE 12. INCOME TAXES
In the third quarter of fiscal 2015 , the Company’s effective income tax rate, after discrete items, was 15% as compared to -66% , a tax benefit, in the corresponding period in fiscal 2014. The difference year over year was primarily due to a discrete tax benefit associated with a $51.3 million litigation reserve for RDS that was reserved during the third quarter based on a jury verdict in favor of the plaintiff, RDS and then reversed during the fourth quarter after the judge overturned the verdict. In the first three quarters of fiscal 2015, the Company's effective income tax rate, after discrete items, was 22% as compared to 19% in the corresponding period in fiscal 2014. The difference was primarily due to the discrete tax benefit associated with the litigation reserve described above in the third quarter of fiscal 2014, partially offset by a tax charge on a partial equity sale of VSS in the first quarter of fiscal 2014.
Historically, the Company's effective tax rate has been lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% primarily due to favorable tax rates associated with certain earnings from operations in lower-tax jurisdictions. The Company has not provided U.S. taxes for all of such earnings due to the indefinite reinvestment of some of those earnings outside the U.S.
The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to U.S. federal and state, and foreign income tax. The Company is currently in different stages of multiple year examinations by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) as well as various state and foreign taxing authorities.
In the first quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company received a Notice of Proposed Adjustment from the IRS for the fiscal years ended 2010 and 2011. The proposed adjustments primarily relate to the valuations of intercompany transfers of acquired intellectual property. The assessments of tax, interest and penalties for the years in question total $67.0 million . The Company does not agree with the IRS position and has filed a protest with the IRS Appeals Office in April 2015. No payments have been made on the assessment. The Company intends to vigorously contest the IRS position.
Based on the information currently available, the Company does not anticipate a significant increase or decrease to its unrecognized tax benefits within the next twelve months. The unrecognized tax benefits of $45.8 million and $45.6 million as of the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and fiscal year end 2014, respectively, if recognized, would favorably affect the effective income tax rate in future periods. Unrecognized tax benefits are recorded in Other non-current liabilities and in the deferred tax accounts in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

20


The Company's practice is to recognize interest and/or penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense. The Company's unrecognized tax benefit liabilities include interest and penalties as of the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2015 and fiscal year end 2014, of $5.4 million and $4.7 million , respectively, which were recorded in Other non-current liabilities in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
NOTE 13. LITIGATION
On August 9, 2013, Harbinger Capital Partners, LLC and additional plaintiffs (the "Harbinger Plaintiffs") filed a lawsuit against Deere & Co., Garmin International, Inc., the Company and two other defendants in the U.S. District Court in Manhattan in connection with the Harbinger Plaintiffs’ investment in LightSquared. The Harbinger Plaintiffs allege, among other things, fraud and negligent misrepresentation, claiming that the defendants were aware of material facts that caused the Federal Communications Commission to take adverse action against LightSquared and affirmatively misrepresented and failed to disclose those facts prior to the Harbinger Plaintiffs’ investment in LightSquared. The Harbinger Plaintiffs sought $1.9 billion in damages from the defendants. On November 1, 2013, debtor LightSquared, Inc. and two related parties (“LightSquared Plaintiffs”) filed suit against the same defendants in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court in Manhattan. The LightSquared Plaintiffs assert claims similar to those made by the Harbinger Plaintiffs, as well as additional claims, including breach of contract and tortious interference, and alleged that LightSquared invested billions of dollars in reliance on the promises and representations of defendants. On January 31, 2014, the U.S. District Court granted defendants’ motion to withdraw the LightSquared action from the U.S. Bankruptcy Court to the U.S. District Court. On February 5, 2015, the U.S. District Court dismissed all claims brought by the Harbinger Plaintiffs and the majority of those brought by the LightSquared Plaintiffs, including those for breach of contract, promissory estoppel, quantum merit, and tortious interference, but allowed the LightSquared Plaintiffs' claims of negligent representation and constructive fraud to proceed to discovery.  On February 11, 2015, the Harbinger Plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal of the District Court’s dismissal of their claims.  Although an unfavorable outcome of these litigation matters may have a material adverse effect on the Company's operating results, liquidity, or financial position, the Company believes the claims in these lawsuits are without merit and intends to vigorously contest these lawsuits.
On March 12, 2015, Rachel Thompson filed a putative class action complaint in California Superior Court against the Company, the members of its Board of Directors, and JP Morgan Chase Bank.  The suit alleges that the Company’s Board of Directors breached their fiduciary obligations to the Company’s shareholders by entering into a credit agreement with JP Morgan Chase Bank that contains certain change of control provisions that plaintiff contends are disadvantageous to shareholders.  The complaint seeks declaratory relief, injunctive relief and costs of the action, including attorney’s fees, but does not seek monetary damages. A proposed settlement, which would modify one provision of the credit agreement and permit the named plaintiff to seek recovery of attorney’s fees, has been reached between the parties and submitted to the court for review and approval.
From time to time, the Company is also involved in litigation arising out of the ordinary course of its business. There are no other material legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to the business, to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party or of which any of the Company's or its subsidiaries' property is subject.
NOTE 14. REVISIONS TO PREVIOUSLY REPORTED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

In the third quarter of fiscal 2015, the Company identified an error in its previously reported financial statements with regard to a portion of its goodwill balance arising from deferred tax liabilities in foreign jurisdictions that had not been properly translated to U.S. dollars. As a result, both goodwill and the cumulative translation adjustment included in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets were overstated and the resulting foreign currency translation adjustment component of Other comprehensive income (loss) was incorrect. There was no impact on Net Income or Cash Flows.

The Company evaluated the impact of the error, both quantitatively and qualitatively, and concluded that the differences were not material individually or in the aggregate to any of the prior reporting periods. The impact has no effect on Net Income or Cash Flows, but in light of the significance of the cumulative amount of the error on comprehensive income on the third quarter and projected full year 2015, the Company has revised previously issued financial information for periods contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to correct for the foreign currency translation figures.

The adjustments will also result in a reduction of the Foreign currency translation adjustment and Comprehensive income of $11.2 million and $4.0 million in the Statements of Comprehensive Income for the fiscal years 2014 and 2013, respectively. For the fiscal year 2012, the adjustment will result in an increase of the Foreign currency translation adjustment and Comprehensive income of $10.7 million . Additionally, there was no impact on Net Income or Cash Flows for fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012. Periods not presented herein will be revised, as applicable, when they are included in future filings.

The following table presents the impact of the adjustment to the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet line items as of 2014 fiscal year end (in millions):

21


 
 
 
 
As of Fiscal Year End 2014
 
 
 
 
As previously
 
 
 
As
Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:
 
Reported
 
Adjustment
 
Revised
Goodwill
 
 
 
$
2,101.2

 
$
(15.4
)
 
$
2,085.8

Total assets
 
 
 
3,874.3

 
(15.4
)
 
3,858.9

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(61.3
)
 
(15.4
)
 
(76.7
)
Total Trimble Navigation Ltd. shareholders' equity
 
2,357.0

 
(15.4
)
 
2,341.6

Total equity
 
 
 
2,368.8

 
(15.4
)
 
2,353.4

Total liabilities and equity
 
3,874.3

 
(15.4
)
 
3,858.9

The following table presents the impact of these corrections in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the third quarter and the first three quarters of 2014 (in millions):
 
Third Quarter of 2014
 
First Three Quarters of 2014
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
As previously
 
 
 
As
 
As previously
 
 
 
As
Reported
 
Adjustment
 
Revised
 
Reported
 
Adjustment
 
Revised
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
11.8

 
$

 
$
11.8

 
$
158.0

 
$

 
$
158.0

   Foreign currency translation
   adjustments
(60.5
)
 
(3.4
)
 
(63.9
)
 
(62.9
)
 
(1.7
)
 
(64.6
)
   Net unrealized actuarial gain
0.1

 

 
0.1

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

Comprehensive income (loss)
(48.6
)
 
(3.4
)
 
(52.0
)
 
95.2

 
(1.7
)
 
93.5

Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 
(0.3
)
 

 
(0.3
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Trimble Navigation Ltd.
$
(48.6
)
 
$
(3.4
)
 
$
(52.0
)
 
$
95.5

 
$
(1.7
)
 
$
93.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



22


SPECIAL NOTE ON FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, which are subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections. These statements include, among other things:
the portion of our revenue coming from sales to international customers;
seasonal fluctuations in our construction and agricultural equipment business revenues, and macroeconomic conditions and business conditions in the markets we serve;
our plans to continue to invest in research and development at a rate consistent with our past, to develop and introduce new products, and to improve our competitive position, and to enter new markets;
our belief that increases in recurring revenue from our software and solutions will provide us with enhanced business visibility over time;
our potential exposure in connection with pending proceedings;
our belief that our cash and cash equivalents, together with borrowings under our 2014 Credit Facility, will be sufficient to meet our anticipated operating cash needs, debt service, planned capital expenditures, and stock purchases under the stock repurchase program for at least the next twelve months;
our expectation that planned capital expenditures will constitute a partial use of our cash resources; and
fluctuations in interest rates.
The forward-looking statements regarding future events and the future results of Trimble Navigation Limited (“Trimble” or “the Company” or “we” or “our” or “us”) are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts, and projections about the industries in which Trimble operates and the beliefs and assumptions of the management of Trimble. Discussions containing such forward-looking statements may be found in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” below. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements involve certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results, levels of activity, performance, achievements, and events to differ materially from those implied by such forward-looking statements, including but not limited to those discussed in “Risk Factors” below and elsewhere in this report, as well as in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2014 and in other reports Trimble files with the Securities and Exchange Commission, each as it may be amended from time to time. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We reserve the right to update these forward-looking statements for any reason, including the occurrence of material events, but assume no duty to update these statements to reflect subsequent events. 
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U. S. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. We base our estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions believed to be reasonable. Although these estimates are based on our best knowledge of current events and actions that may impact us in the future, actual results may be different from the estimates.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
There have been no material changes to our significant accounting polices during the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 from those disclosed in our 2014 Form 10-K.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In April 2014, the FASB issued amendments to guidance for reporting discontinued operations and disposals of components of an entity. The amended guidance requires that a disposal representing a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s financial results or a business activity classified as held for sale should be reported as discontinued operations. The amendments also expand the disclosure requirements for discontinued operations and add new disclosures for individually significant dispositions that do not qualify as discontinued operations. We adopted the amendments beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2015. The adoption did not have a material impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued a comprehensive new revenue recognition standard that replaces the current revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The new standard requires companies to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The revised effective date for the Company under the new standard will be the beginning of fiscal 2018, with early adoption permitted as of the original effective date.  Entities have the option of using either a full

23

Table of Contents

retrospective or modified retrospective approach for the adoption of the standard. We are currently evaluating the effect of the updated standard on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In February 2015, the FASB issued amendments to the consolidation guidance. The amendments under the new guidance modify the evaluation of whether limited partnerships and similar legal entities are variable interest entities (VIEs) or voting interest entities and eliminate the presumption that a general partner should consolidate a limited partnership. The standard is effective for us in fiscal 2016, although early adoption is permitted. We don't anticipate a material impact on our consolidated financial statements as a result of the amendments.
In April 2015, the FASB issued amendments to the guidance for debt issuance costs that will require debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability instead of being recorded as an asset. Amortization of the costs will continue to be reported as interest expense. The amendments are effective for us beginning in fiscal 2016. However, early adoption is permitted and our plan is to adopt this standard in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2015. The new guidance will be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented. We don't anticipate a material impact on our consolidated financial statements as a result of this change.
In July 2015, the FASB issued amendments to simplify the measurement of inventory. Under the amendments, inventory will be measured at the “lower of cost and net realizable value” and options that currently exist for “market value” will be eliminated. The guidance defines net realizable value as the “estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation”. No other changes were made to the current guidance on inventory measurement. The amendments are effective for us beginning in fiscal 2017, although early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the effect of the updated standard on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In September 2015, the FASB issued new guidance related to business combinations. The new guidance requires that any adjustments to provisional amounts in a business combination be recorded in the period such adjustments are determined, rather than retrospectively adjusting previously reported amounts. The standard is effective for us in fiscal 2016, although early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the effect of this guidance on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
EXECUTIVE LEVEL OVERVIEW
Trimble Navigation Limited is a leading provider of technology solutions that optimize the work processes of office and mobile field professionals around the world. Our comprehensive process solutions are used across a range of industries including agriculture, architecture, civil engineering, construction, environmental management, government, natural resources, transportation and utilities. Representative Trimble customers include engineering and construction firms, contractors, surveying companies, farmers and agricultural companies, enterprise firms with large-scale fleets, energy, mining and utility companies, and state, federal and municipal governments.
Trimble focuses on integrating its broad technological and application capabilities to create vertically-focused, system-level solutions that transform how work is done within the industries we serve. The integration of sensors, software, connectivity, and information in our portfolio gives us the unique ability to provide an information model specific to the customer’s workflow. For example, in construction our strategy is centered on the concept of a “constructible model,” which will provide a real-time, connected, and cohesive information environment for the design, build, and operational phases of a project. In agriculture, we continue to develop “Connected Farm” solutions to optimize operations across the agriculture workflow. In transportation and logistics, we provide transportation companies with tools to enhance fuel efficiency, safety, and transparency across the enterprise.
Our growth strategy is centered on multiple elements:
Focus on attractive markets with significant growth and profitability potential - We focus on large markets historically underserved by technology that offer significant potential for long-term revenue growth, profitability and market leadership. Our core industries such as construction, agriculture, and transportation markets are each multi-trillion dollar global industries which operate in increasingly demanding environments with technology adoption in the early phases relative to other industries. With the emergence of mobile computing capabilities, the increasing technological know-how of end users and the compelling return on investment to our customers, we believe many of our markets are ripe for substituting Trimble’s technology and solutions in place of traditional operating methods.
Domain knowledge and technological innovation that benefit a diverse customer base - We have over time redefined our technological capabilities from hardware-driven point solutions to integrated work process solutions by developing domain expertise and heavily reinvesting in R&D, capex and acquisitions. Over the last several years and through the first nine months of fiscal 2015, we have been spending approximately 13% to 15% of revenue on R&D and currently hold over 1,000 unique patents. We intend to continue to leverage our divisional structure to take advantage of our

24

Table of Contents

technology portfolio and deep domain knowledge to quickly and cost-effectively deliver specific, targeted solutions to each of the verticals we serve. We look for opportunities where the need for technological change is high and which have a requirement for the integration of multiple technologies into complete vertical solutions.
Increasing focus on software and services - Software and services are increasingly important elements of our solutions and are core to our growth strategy. Trimble has an open application programming interface (API) philosophy and open vendor environment which leads to increased adoption of our software offerings. Professional services constitute an additional growth channel that helps our customers integrate and optimize the use of our offerings in their environment. The increased recurring revenue from these solutions will provide us with enhanced business visibility over time.
Geographic expansion with localization strategy - We view international expansion as an important element of our strategy and we continue to position ourselves in geographic markets that will serve as important sources of future growth. We currently have a physical presence in over 35 countries and third party representation in over 100 countries. In the third quarter of fiscal 2015, 48% of our sales occurred in countries outside of the U.S.
Optimized distribution channels to best access our markets - We utilize vertically-focused distribution channels that leverage domain expertise to best serve the needs of individual markets domestically and abroad. These channels include independent dealers, joint ventures, original equipment manufacturers (OEM) sales, and distribution alliances with key partners, such as CNH Global, Caterpillar, and Nikon, as well as direct sales to end-users, that provide us with broad market reach and localization capabilities to effectively serve our markets.
Strategic acquisitions - Organic growth continues to be our primary focus, while acquisitions serve to enhance our market position. We acquire businesses that bring technology, products, or distribution capabilities that augment our portfolio and allow us to penetrate existing markets more effectively, or to establish a market beachhead. Our level of success in targeting and effectively integrating acquisitions is an important aspect of our growth strategy.

Trimble’s focus on these growth drivers has led to an increasingly diversified business model. Software and services growth is driving increased recurring revenue, leading to improved visibility in our business. As our solutions have expanded, our go to market model has also evolved, with a balanced mix between direct, distribution and OEM customers, and an increasing number of enterprise level customer relationships.

For the third quarter of 2015, revenue was down 4% as compared to the third quarter of 2014. The decline in revenue came primarily from softness in our Engineering and Construction and Field Solutions segments. The declines were partially offset by a revenue increase in Mobile Solutions. By geography, North America, Europe, and Rest of World were down year over year. Within the quarter, we continued to experience a shift in revenue towards a more significant mix of software, recurring revenue, and services, driven both by organic growth and acquisitions.

During the third quarter of 2015, we completed acquisitions for total consideration of $46.9 million. We acquired Vianova Systems AS, a Norwegian company specializing in Building Information Modeling (BIM) software for infrastructure design software solutions across the European region. Vianova Systems' results are reported under our Engineering and Construction business segment. We also acquired privately held Spatial Dimension, headquartered in Vancouver, Canada, with subsidiaries in South Africa, Brazil and Australia. Spatial Dimension's FlexiCadastre software is an enterprise scale land management solution adopted by leading mining companies and governments worldwide. Spatial Dimension's results are reported under our Engineering and Construction business segment. We also acquired privately held Solid Transportation, headquartered in France. Solid Transportation enables customers to integrate the activity time of drivers and provides customers with advanced embedded IT solutions. Solid's results are reported under our Mobile Solutions business segment.
Seasonality of Business
Our individual segment revenue may be affected by seasonal buying patterns. Historically, the second fiscal quarter has been the strongest quarter for the Company driven by the construction buying season. However, as a result of diversification of our business into software and subscription revenue, we may experience different seasonality in the future.

25

Table of Contents

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Overview
The following table is a summary of revenue, gross margin and operating income for the periods indicated and should be read in conjunction with the narrative descriptions below.
 
 
Third Quarter of
First Three Quarters of
 
2015
 
2014
2015
 
2014
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product
$
373.0

 
$
415.6

$
1,168.2

 
$
1,327.1

Service
103.9

 
98.3

310.5

 
291.7

Subscription
85.4

 
70.9

252.0

 
212.9

Total revenue
$
562.3

 
$
584.8

1,730.7

 
1,831.7

Gross margin
$
298.0

 
$
316.8

$
909.1

 
$
998.3

Gross margin %
53.0
%
 
54.2
%
52.5
%
 
54.5
%
Operating income
$
46.0

 
$
11.1

$
121.5

 
$
184.0

Operating income %
8.2
%
 
1.9
%
7.0
%

10.0
%
Revenue
In the third quarter of fiscal 2015 , total revenue decreased by $22.5 million or 4% , as compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2014. Of this decrease, product revenue decreased $42.6 million or 10% , partially offset by an increase in service revenue of $5.6 million or 6% , and subscription revenue of $14.5 million or 20% . In the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 , total revenue decreased by $101.0 million or 6% , as compared to the first three quarters of fiscal 2014 . Of this decrease, product revenue decreased $158.9 million or 12% , partially offset by an increase in service revenue of $18.8 million or 6% and subscription revenue of $39.1 million or 18% .
The product revenue decrease was primarily within Engineering and Construction and Field Solutions, slightly offset by a product revenue increase in Mobile Solutions. Service and subscription increases were primarily due to organic growth within Engineering and Construction and Mobile Solutions, and to a lesser extent, acquisitions growth within Engineering and Construction. We consider organic growth to include all revenue except for revenue associated with acquisitions made within the last four quarters.
On a segment basis, Engineering and Construction revenue for the third quarter of fiscal 2015 decreased $15.8 million or 5% , Field Solutions decreased $15.3 million or 17% and Advanced Devices decreased $1.8 million or 6% , partially offset by an increase in Mobile Solutions of $10.4 million or 9% , as compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2014 . Engineering and Construction revenue for the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 decreased $55.4 million or 5% , Field Solutions decreased $65.5 million or 19% and Advanced Devices decreased $5.5 million or 5% , partially offset by an increase in Mobile Solutions of $25.4 million or 7% , as compared to the corresponding period of fiscal 2014. Engineering and Construction was primarily driven by the impact of oil price declines on regional economies, primarily in geospatial and to a lesser extent, heavy civil construction, and the negative foreign currency effects due to the weaker Euro. The decline was partially offset by building construction which was up due to organic growth and to a lesser extent, acquisitions not applicable in the prior year. The decline in Field Solutions revenue was primarily due to softness in agricultural markets and to a lesser extent, GIS and foreign currency effects. Mobile Solutions increased due to continued growth in the transportation and logistics market, partially offset by a decline in Field Services. Advanced Devices revenue decreased primarily due to weaker sales of timing component products.
Gross Margin
Gross margin varies due to a number of factors including product mix, pricing, distribution channel, production volumes and foreign currency translations.
Gross margin decreased by $18.8 million and $89.2 million for the third quarter and first three quarters of fiscal 2015 , respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in fiscal 2014 . The decrease was primarily due to decreased revenue in Engineering and Construction and to a lesser extent, Mobile Solutions. Gross margin as a percentage of total revenue was 53.0% and 52.5% for the third quarter and first three quarters of fiscal 2015 , respectively, as compared to 54.2% and 54.5% for the corresponding periods in fiscal 2014 . The decrease was primarily in Engineering and Construction due to product mix and an increase in intangible asset amortization.

26

Table of Contents

Operating Income
Operating income increased by $34.9 million for the third quarter and decreased by $ 62.5 million and first three quarters of fiscal 2015 , respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in fiscal 2014 . Operating income as a percentage of total revenue was 8.2% and 7.0% for the third quarter and first three quarters of fiscal 2015 , respectively, as compared to 1.9% and 10.0% for the corresponding periods in fiscal 2014 .
The increase in operating income and operating income percentage for the third quarter of fiscal 2015 was primarily due to a $52.0 million litigation reserve in the third quarter of fiscal 2014. The decrease in operating income and operating income percentage for the first three quarters of fiscal 2015 was primarily due to revenue shortfalls in Engineering and Construction and Field Solutions, partially offset by the $52.0 million litigation reserve described above.
Results by Segment
To achieve distribution, marketing, production and technology advantages in our targeted markets, we manage our operations in the following four segments: Engineering and Construction, Field Solutions, Mobile Solutions and Advanced Devices. Operating income equals net revenue less cost of sales and operating expense, excluding general corporate expense, amortization of purchased intangible assets, stock-based compensation, amortization of acquisition-related inventory step-up, acquisition costs and restructuring costs. Operating leverage is defined as an increase in operating income as a percentage of the increase in revenue.
The following table is a summary of revenue and operating income by segment:
 
 
Third Quarter of
 
First Three Quarters of
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Engineering and Construction
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
326.4

 
$
342.2

 
$
964.2

 
$
1,019.6

Segment revenue as a percent of total revenue
58
%